The Caregiver program is a program for individuals who want to migrate and work in Canada as caregivers. A new caregiver immigration pilot program was launched on June 18, 2019, and has replaced all old, expired, or soon expiring caregiver programs. The new caregiver pilot program has more flexibility and has more good news for prospective caregiver applicants. The new caregiver program has a quota of 5,500 total applications every year under both caregiver pilots i.e.
For example, a caregiver has obtained a work permit under NOC 4411 under Home Child Care Provider (HCCP) program; he/she can work with multiple employers in the same NOC and similarly if a caregiver obtained a work permit under NOC 4412 Home Support Work Pilot (HSWP) for the caring of patients or elderly with medical needs; he/she can work with multiple employers in the same NOC to qualify for permanent residence of Canada.
The new Caregivers give great flexibility in terms of changing the jobs quickly and remove the barriers that restraints the dependent family members of the caregiver from coming to Canada along with the caregivers.
The new caregiver program offers more security and confidence to caregivers as in the old program most of the caregivers could not qualify or they lack qualification criteria for permanent residence with the rapid changes in old caregiver programs from live-in Caregiver to Home Caregiver interim pathways etc. In the old program a large number of caregivers who started working with their Canadian employers or families in Canada, had found out later that they do not qualify for permanent residence under current programs, and/or the program under which they were qualified for PR is no longer valid.
The new pilots will only provide work permits to applicants who have a job offer in Canada along with meeting the following criteria:
Caregivers who are already working in Canada can also apply for permanent residence. Also, caregivers who are working in Canada with Canadian employers under the National Occupational Classification (NOC) 4411 are eligible to apply for permanent residence through the Home Child Care Provider Pilot. Similarly, Caregivers with work experience under NOC 4412 can also apply for permanent residence through the Home Support Worker Pilot.
This program is a five-year program that allows caregivers to migrate to Canada along with family members. This program will allow caregivers to eventually become permanent residents in Canada. For applicants to be eligible for the Home Child Care Program they must have a job offer as Caregivers or have working experience in Canada. The applicant must have qualifying work experience according to the National Occupational Classification (NOC). The applicant must have 1 year of full-time experience as:
Some exclusions include child care workers - day-care (in 4214 Early childhood educators and assistants) & the Live-in caregivers for seniors and persons with disabilities (in 4412 Home support workers, housekeepers, and related occupations)
A Home Child Care Provider can be anyone providing care to children in a home including:
To qualify as a Home Child Care Provider (HCCP), the caregiver needs to meet the following requirements:
A Home Child Care Provider may have the following duties:
This program is for professionals who have experience in providing care for senior citizens, people with disabilities, and people recovering from illness or undergoing medical treatment. This program falls under the NOC 4412. It is a category that requires Care to be provided at the employer’s residence and allows the caregiver to reside within the employer’s home. Employment in this category is done by home care and support agencies, private households or can be self-employed. For housekeepers, all types of house management duties will be required.
Professionals under this category may be any of the following:
To qualify as a Home Support Worker Pilot, the following requirements must be met:
A home support worker/housekeeper may have the following duties:
Under the new caregiver program, the caregivers will be scrutinized for their permanent residence applications as well before they will be able to get the work permit to work with their Canadian employers as Home Child Care Provider or as Home Support Worker.
Caregivers will receive the decision on their work permit applications in around 10-12 months while their PR applications will be held until they complete their 2 years of work experience with the Canadian employer(s). The caregiver who is already in Canada on old live-in Caregiver or Home Caregiver programs can also apply to convert into this new program or either they can file for the permanent residence application provided they meet the PR requirements of the new caregiver program.
The new caregiver program certainly will put the caregivers on ease as it will address this issue, as the Caregivers will now have an opportunity to live in Canada permanently. The applications will be processed through the Home Child Care Provider Pilot or the Home Support Worker Pilot in replacement to the Caring for Children & Caring for People with High Medical Needs.
The new caregiver program has 2 simultaneous applications at the same time:
To qualify for a work permit and for permanent residence under Home Child Care Provide HCCP or Home Support Worker Pilot HSWP the following conditions needed to be met:
As soon as the applicant will receive a work permit, they will be allowed to:
Further following conditions should be met for the processing of their PR application:
All employers who wish to hire caregivers from overseas must do so through one of the above-mentioned programs. All applications that have been submitted through the Temporary Foreign Worker Program on and after June 18, 2019, are no longer applicable. In case an employer wants to hire a caregiver within Canada can do so by either the Temporary Foreign Worker Program, Live-in Caregiver program, or the home child care provider and support programs. The following steps have to be taken to hire a caregiver through the above-mentioned pilots:
The employer can find a caregiver within or out of Canada. Once the employer has found a suitable caregiver, they will ask them to apply for one of the pilots.
The employer must make sure that the candidate fulfills all eligibility criteria before being hired. The eligibility criteria include the candidate having sufficient experience according to the NOC, meets language requirements, and has a Canadian post-secondary diploma/educational credential assessment report or equivalent.
To make an offer of employment the employer will need to download an offer of employment, fill it out and sign it. The employee will also be required to sign it. Both the employer and employee will keep a copy to themselves. This may be used as a supporting document when the application will be filed.
Once the employee receives their offer of employment, they will be required to apply for their permanent residence through one of the pilots; Home Child Care Provider or Home Support Worker pilot. Along with this, the employee will also file a work permit application. This application can take up to 12 months to be processed thus the employer must plan before hiring a caregiver. The work permit will be eligible for 3 years.
In case an already in Canada caregiver does NOT meet the requirements for permanent residence as a Caregiver under new caregiver permanent residence program, they do have the option to be able to work on an interim basis. If the applicant is currently working in Canada and wishes to extend their work permit they may do so through the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) however, the applicant will need a positive Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) provided by the employer.
As of June 18, 2019, NO new work permit applications will be processed for Caregivers applying:
Therefore, within Canada applicants may apply for an interim work permit as Caregiver through the TFWP if they meet the following conditions:
In case a caregiver is already working in Canada and wishes to extend their work permit they may do so through the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP).
This is only eligible if the caregiver is already in Canada or if the caregiver’s employer applied for an LMIA before June 18, 2019. It is also eligible if the caregiver is working in Quebec.
This program is closed to new applicants. The applicants can apply for permanent residence through the Live-in Care Program ONLY if:
In case the applicant has sufficient work experience in Canada but does not meet any of the above requirements they can choose another program to immigrate to Canada.
The following programs are no longer accepting applications:
This program is no longer accepting applications as of June 18, 2019. In case the applicant has submitted their application before the stated date, their application will be processed. The applicant may also be eligible for the Home Support Worker Pilot if they have sufficient work experience in Canada.
This program is no longer accepting applications as of June 18, 2019. The applications only submitted before this date will be further processed. The applicant also has the option to apply through the Home Child Care Provider Pilot.
This program is no longer accepting applications as of October 18, 2019. The application will only be processed if it was submitted before this date.
The IRCC has announced it will reopen its Interim Pathway for Caregivers to new applicants for three months starting from July. Work experience for such a category must match according to the National Occupational Classification Group (NOC) 4411 or 4412.
According to the IRCC, there is a standard 12-month processing time for work permits. Permanent residence applications may take up to 6 months for processing if the applicant has sufficient work experience.